1. Indicator Name
Public [funding] [expenditure] and private [funding] [expenditure] on conservation and sustainable use of
biodiversity and ecosystems [as well as development and access to innovation, technology transfer and research on
4. Proposed Rationale
Draft Goal D relates to the means of implementation for the post-2020 global biodiversity framework. The post-2020
global biodiversity framework will need to be implemented primarily through activities at the national and/or
subnational levels, with supporting action at the regional and global levels. However, the capacity for implementing
the Convention in terms of human, technical and financial resources is limited in most countries, especially in
developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as
countries with economies in transition. Reaching the 2050 Vision for biodiversity will require that the necessary
means of implementation are available to enable Parties and stakeholders to undertake the necessary actions.
Inadequate funding levels are a major impediment to effective biodiversity conservation in many countries and may be
associated with failures to meet global targets. Conservation investment has been demonstrated to reduce biodiversity
loss. Spending on biodiversity provides a very high social return on investment. Thus, while increased biodiversity
resource mobilization from all sources is not only necessary to reduce, halt and reverse biodiversity loss (i.e.to
bend the curve on biodiversity loss) it is also likely to generate net economic benefits for both present and future
generations. Current global biodiversity finance is of the order of $100 billion per year, while estimates of funding
needs for a comprehensive post 2020 global biodiversity framework are of the order of $800 billion per year, giving a
funding gap of the order of $700 billion per year. This indicator will monitor the extent to which the gap between
available financial resources and those necessary to achieve the 2050 Vision, is closed.
5. Current Level of Development
This proposed indicator is not yet developed. An organization(s) to develop it and to support its operationalisation
needs to be identified.
6. Proposed timetable of Development
This proposed indicator is not yet developed. On the basis of information provided in the national reports (depending
on their agreed format) and/or additional surveys of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity, reporting
information related to this indicator would be feasible for the sixteenth meeting of the Conference of the Parties.
7. Proposed Scale of use
This proposed indicator is not yet developed. However it would most likely need to be developed on basis on national
data which could then be aggregated to the global level.
8. Proposed Data Source
No methodology for this indicator is currently available. Data sources, including definitions and data collection
methods, need to be identified. Information could be provided through the national reports to the Convention on
Biological Diversity and/or complimentary surveys of Parties.
9. Proposed Indicator provider
This proposed indicator is not yet developed. An indicator provided needs to be identified. In the event that an
appropriate indicator provider cannot be identified information could be collected by the Secretariat of the
Convention on Biological Diversity through the national reports to the Convention on Biological Diversity and/or
complimentary survyeys of Parties.
Indicator not yet
developed. To be identified.